Editor’s Note: Featured articles, applied research articles, and showcase articles are refereed by at least three reviewers. Recent Developments is reviewed by the editor. Perspectives is an op-ed column that expresses the opinions of the author and is reviewed by the editor. The Editor’s Corner is an editorial.

Featured Article

Talking to Children About Terrorism and Armed Conflict

Judith A. Myers-Walls, Purdue University


The events of September 11, 2001, provided a sudden and unsettling lesson on the impact of violent conflict on children for many parents and teachers. Although the attacks appear to have been confined to a limited number of places and lasted only a short time, people across the world felt and continue to feel threatened and vulnerable. Because of the number of people killed or injured that day, a very large number of people had direct connections with the death and destruction. Children were aware of the tragedy, so parents needed to respond. Research supports some approaches that are likely to be effective when talking with children about terrorism and armed conflict, although this topic needs additional research. Complete text.

Applied Research Articles

Which Youth Violence Prevention Programs Work?

Robert J. Fetsch, Colorado State University, and Ben Silliman, N.C. State University


Violence is one of the greatest fears of American youth. Despite recent declines in violent death and injury, highly publicized school shootings, pervasive media, and interpersonal conflicts continue to make youth violence a significant developmental and community issue. Many schools and youth organizations have responded to violence quickly with intervention plans followed by educational programming. Yet little evidence exists that providers know which programs are effective with particular youth audiences. To address the need for educational program information, a review of effective programs with guidelines for curriculum selection is presented herein. The review suggests that while several promising resources are available, many heavily marketed materials are not extensively tested. Moreover, few materials adequately address special audiences and issues that youth-serving organizations are expected to reach. Complete text.

Anger, Conflict, and Violence Levels: A Comparison of Farm/Ranch with City/Urban Residents

Robert J. Fetsch and Carol J. Schultz, Colorado State University


There is a research void on comparisons of farm and non-farm residents’ anger, conflict, and violence levels. The purpose was to report the results of a comparison of three groups of residents’ anger, anger control, conflict, violence, personal belief, and anger management levels. Do farmers and ranchers who participate in RETHINK Parenting and Anger Management workshops have higher anger, anger control, conflict, and violence levels than town, city, or metropolitan residents? One-way Analyses of Variance revealed that there was no statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the three groups on most anger, anger control, family conflict, violence, personal belief, or anger management levels. Only on State Anger was there a statistically significant difference—farmers/ranchers/rural residents were less angry. State Anger is the intensity of angry feelings at a particular time. Complete text.

Development and Sensory Evaluation of a Soy Protein/Gingerbread Muffin

Laura Taylor, Raga Bakhit, and Frank Conforti, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University


Recently, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized a health claim, to be used on food labels, stating that 25 grams of soy protein each day may significantly reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. In this research, a soy product was developed that may be used to encourage the consumption of soy containing foods by those at risk of heart disease. Gingerbread muffins were prepared according to seven different recipes mainly with variations in soy protein isolate (SPI) content and spices that were based on the comments of the sensory evaluators. Other ingredients were kept as constant as possible. The SPI content of the muffins varied from 8.6 to 14.7 g per muffin. Upon sensory evaluation of the products, it was found that the most highly rated muffin contained approximately 12.1 grams of soy protein. The incorporation of this muffin type into the diet would have a positive effect on lowering high plasma cholesterol levels in the consumer, and thus lessen the chance of heart disease. Complete text.

Programs to Showcase

Showcase North Carolina: Family Outreach Study Guides Parent Education Programming for Moore County, North Carolina

Karen Wicker, Moore County Extension Center, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, N.C. State University


To identify what parents of young children need to prepare their children for school, a Family Outreach Study was conducted by the Moore County Center of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service. It was found that parents of young children sometimes feel they do not have the resources, support, nor skills to fulfill their role. It was also observed that although parents are motivated and have the desire to make changes for their children, they sometimes lack the skills and resources to take action. To address the needs identified in the Family Outreach Study, Parent Centers and the Parent Leadership Institute were implemented. Complete text.


A Critical Analysis of North Carolina’s On-line Central Registry for Advance Directives

Carol A. Schwab, N.C. State University

Complete text.

Recent Developments

Updates in caregiving and health births.

Complete text.

Editor’s Corner

Impact Beyond the Profession

Carol A. Schwab, N.C. State University

Complete text.



Back to table of contents ->https://www.theforumjournal.org/2017/09/04/winterspring-2002-vol-7-no-1/