Abstracts Spring 2016

Spring 2016, Vol.20, No.1
ISSN 1540 5273

Utilization of Grocery Store Observations as a Method to Assess Impact of Child Food Requests on Purchasing

Amber Haroldson, Ball State University, Lauren Haldeman, University of North Carolina at Greensboro


Assessment of grocery shopping behavior and interactions can provide useful information in the promotion of healthy lifestyles. Various techniques have been used with different strengths and weaknesses. The objective of this feasibility study was to examine the use of grocery store observations in assessing child food requests based on food groups and the frequency of maternal compliance to these requests in a low-income, ethnically diverse population. Mother-child dyads (n = 20) were observed during a routine grocery shopping trip while child food requests and maternal compliance to those requests was recorded. Participants were aware of their participation, but blinded to the true objective of the study. Children were found to have substantial influence over the purchase of various food items, in which mothers complied with approximately 50 percent of child food requests. Grocery store observations were found to be an effective method for assessing mother-child interactions while grocery shopping.  Full Text

What Can Extension Professionals Do To Help Preschool Teachers Create A Positive Mealtime Environment?

Satoko C. MitaSamuel A. GrayL. Suzanne Goodell, North Carolina State University


Preschool mealtimes can be ideal opportunities to provide nutrition education to preschoolers by creating a positive mealtime environment (PME). Through in-depth, semi-structured phone interviews, researchers interviewed Head Start teachers around the U.S. (n = 65) and explored teachers’ perceived barriers to and needs for establishing a classroom PME. Based on the teachers’ perceptions, investigators developed a framework depicting points for intervention that could help teachers overcome their PME-related challenges. The framework identifies three focus areas of intervention for Extension professionals to help teachers create a PME: (1) teachers, (2) kitchen staff, and (3) parents of preschoolers. Applying the proposed framework, Extension agents could develop and implement PME-related interventions involving experiential learning-based curricula, which allow teachers to learn and practice creating a PME and to reflect on their experiences. This approach could help teachers implement a PME in their classroom, possibly leading to the development of sound eating habits in preschoolers. Full Text

A Latino Couple’s Response to Stepfamily Education: A Two-Year Narrative Study

Linda Skogrand, Brian Higginbotham, Utah State University


This is a longitudinal oral history narrative from one Latino couple who participated in stepfamily education. This couple provides an in-depth description about how they and their family incorporated the skills and knowledge presented in the course to improve their family life. They benefitted from the course in the following ways: (1) they learned to effectively discipline their children; (2) they reduced conflict in their couple relationship; (3) they learned to manage stress in a way that benefitted their family, (4) they became more united as a family; (5) they learned to share in managing their finances; and (6) they became more committed to their couple relationship and became more committed to the family. These benefits were evident two years after the completion of the course. However, they also had struggles with some issues presented in the course because of their cultural values. Full Text


A Misbehaving Child is a Discouraged Child: A Review of Children: The Challenge by Rudolf Dreikurs and Vicki Soltz

Reviewed by Kim Allen. Full Text


No-Drama Discipline: The Whole-Brain Way to Calm the Chaos and Nurture Your Child’s Developing Mind by Daniel Siegel, M.D., and Tina Bryson, Ph.D.

Reviewed by Nichole Huff. Full Text

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